2. Soft Tissue

Iverson, K. et al. The effect of bedside ultrasound on diagnosis and management of soft tissue infections in a pediatric ED. American Journal of Emergency Medicine (2012) 30, 1347–1351. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2011.09.020

Sivitz, A. B. Effect of Bedside Ultrasound on Management of Pediatric Soft Tissue Infection. The Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009 (Article in Press). doi:10.1016/j.jemermed.2009.05.013

POCUS Soft Tissue - Collection of Images
- Jason Fischer, The Hospital for Sick Children

3. Skull

Rabiner, J. E. et al. Accuracy of Point-of-Care Ultrasound for Diagnosis of Skull Fractures in Children. Pediatrics; originally published online May 20, 2013, Volume 131, Number 6; DOI: 10.1542/peds.2012-3921

Ramirez-Schrempp, D. et al. Bedside Ultrasound in the Diagnosis of Skull Fractures in the Pediatric Emergency Department. Pediatr Emer Care 2011;27: 312-314

POCUS Focused Skull - Collection of Images
- Jason Fischer, The Hospital for Sick Children

4. Pneumothorax

Ianniello, S. et al. First-line sonographic diagnosis of pneumothorax in major trauma: accuracy of e-FAST and comparison with multidetector computed tomography. Radiol Med 2014 DOI 10.1007/s11547-014-0384-1

Raja, A. S. and Jacobus, C. H. How Accurate Is Ultrasonography for Excluding Pneumothorax? Annals of Emergency Medicine 2012

Volpicelli, G. Lung Sonography. J Ultrasound Med 2013; 32:165–171

Volpicelli, G. et al. International evidence-based recommendations for point-of-care lung ultrasound. Intensive Care Med (2012) 38:577–591 DOI 10.1007/s00134-012-2513-4

Wilkerson, R. G. and Stone, M. B. Sensitivity of Bedside Ultrasound and Supine Anteroposterior Chest Radiographs for the Identification of Pneumothorax After Blunt Trauma. ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2010; 17:11–17. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00628.x

5. Pneumonia

Nazerian P. et al, Accuracy of lung ultrasound for the diagnosis of consolidations when compared to chest computed tomography, Am J Emerg Med (2015) doi.o,rg/10.1016/j.ajem.2015.01.035

Pereda, M. A. et al. Lung Ultrasound for the Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Children: A Meta-analysis. PEDIATRICS 2015 (ISSN Numbers: Print, 0031-4005; Online, 1098-4275). DOI: 10.1542/peds.2014-2833

Shah, V. P. et al. Prospective Evaluation of Point-of-Care Ultrasonography for the Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Children and Young Adults. JAMA PEDIATR FEB 2013 VOL 167 (NO. 2)

6. Regional Anesthesia

7. PIV

Egan, G. et al. Ultrasound guidance for difficult peripheral venous access: systematic review and meta-analysis. Emerg Med J 2013;30:521–526. doi:10.1136/emermed-2012-201652 

Heinrichs, J. et al. Ultrasonographically Guided Peripheral Intravenous Cannulation of Children and Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Ann Emerg Med. 2013;61:444-454 doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.11.014

McCarthy, M. L. et al. Ultrasonography Versus Landmark for Peripheral Intravenous Cannulation: A Randomized Controlled TrialAnn Emerg Med. 2015; 1- http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2015.09.009

Bruzoni, M. et al. A Prospective Randomized Trial of Ultrasound- vs Landmark-Guided Central Venous Access in the Pediatric Population. J Am Coll Surg 2013;216:939e943. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2013.01.05 

8. Abdomen

Elikashvili, I. et al. The Effect of Point-of-care Ultrasonography on Emergency Department Length of Stay and Computed Tomography Utilization in Children With Suspected Appendicitis. ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2014; 21:163–170. doi: 10.1111/acem.12319

Lam, S. H. F., Wise, A., and Yenter, C. Emergency bedside ultrasound for the diagnosis of pediatric intussusception: a retrospective review. World J Emerg Med 2014;5(4):255–258DOI: 10.5847/wjem.j.issn.1920–8642.2014.04.002

Riera, A., et al. Diagnosis of Intussusception by Physician Novice Sonographers inthe Emergency Department. American College of Emergency Physicians 2012 doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.02.007

Sivitz, A. B., Cohen, S. G., Tejani, C., Evaluation of Acute Appendicitis by Pediatric Emergency Physician Sonography. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2014 (Article in Press)

POCUS Focused Abdomen - Collection of Images
- Jason Fischer, The Hospital for Sick Children

11. eFAST

POCUS E-FAST - Collection of Images
- Jason Fischer, The Hospital for Sick Children

12. Airway

Tessaro, M. O., et al. Tracheal rapid ultrasound saline test (T.R.U.S.T.) for confirming correct endotracheal tube depth in children. Resuscitation (2014) 

Chou EH, et al. Ultrasonography for confirmation of endotracheal tube placement: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Resuscitation (2015) 

13. ION

Stone, M. B. et al. Ultrasonographic Confirmation of Intraosseous Needle Placement in an Adult Unembalmed Cadaver Model. Ann Emerg Med. 2007;49:515-519. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2006.11.009

Tsung JW, et al. Feasibility of point-of-care colour Doppler ultrasound confirmation of intraosseous needle placement during resuscitation. Resuscitation (2009), doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2009.03.009

14. Ocular

Leo, M. and Carmody, K. Sonography Assessment of Acute Ocular Pathology. Ultrasound Clin 6 (2011) 227–234. doi:10.1016/j.cult.2011.03.002

Sharma, S. Vitreoretinal Disorders. Ultrasound Clin 3 (2008) 217–228. doi:10.1016/j.cult.2008.04.003

Teismann, N. et al. Point-of-care Ocular Ultrasound to Detect Optic Disc Swelling. ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE September 2013, Vol. 20, No. 9. doi: 10.1111/acem.12206

15. MSK

Katzer, C. et al. Ultrasound in the Diagnostics of Metaphyseal Forearm Fractures in Children A Systematic Review and Cost Calculation. Pediatr Emer Care 2015;00: 00–00

Neri, E. et al. Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasonography for hand bony fractures in paediatric patients. 2014. doi:10.1136/ archdischild-2013-305678

Waterbrook AL, et al, The accuracy of point-of-care ultrasound to diagnose long bone fractures in the ED, Am J Emerg Med (2013), http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2013.06.006