7. PIV

Egan, G. et al. Ultrasound guidance for difficult peripheral venous access: systematic review and meta-analysis. Emerg Med J 2013;30:521–526. doi:10.1136/emermed-2012-201652 

Heinrichs, J. et al. Ultrasonographically Guided Peripheral Intravenous Cannulation of Children and Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Ann Emerg Med. 2013;61:444-454 doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.11.014

McCarthy, M. L. et al. Ultrasonography Versus Landmark for Peripheral Intravenous Cannulation: A Randomized Controlled TrialAnn Emerg Med. 2015; 1- http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2015.09.009

Bruzoni, M. et al. A Prospective Randomized Trial of Ultrasound- vs Landmark-Guided Central Venous Access in the Pediatric Population. J Am Coll Surg 2013;216:939e943. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2013.01.05