Moore, C. Ultrasound-Guided Procedures in Emergency Medicine. Ultrasound Clin 6 (2011) 277–289 doi:10.1016/j.cult.2011.03.005

Werner, H. and Levy, J. Procedural Applications of Bedside Emergency Ultrasound. Elsevier 2011. Vol. 12, No. 1. 43-52

Ultrasound Guided LP - The Essentials
A quick video demonstrating the technique for finding the relevant landmarks in an ultrasound guided lumbar puncture

Another WIN for Ultrasound: the Wire In Needle technique for CVC Placement
Details on the technique coming soon at

Bladder Volume (BV)

Baumann, B. M. et al. Volumetric bladder ultrasound performed by trained nurses increases catheterization success in pediatric patients. American Journal of Emergency Medicine (2008) 26, 18 – 23. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2007.03.020

Chen, L. et al. Utility of Bedside Bladder Ultrasound Before Urethral Catheterization in Young Children. Pediatrics 2005;115;108 DOI: 10.1542/peds.2004-0738

Milling Jr, T. J. et al. Use of Ultrasonography to Identify Infants for Whom Urinary Catheterization Will Be Unsuccessful Because of Insufficient Urine Volume: Validation of the Urinary Bladder Index. Annals of Emergency Medicine May 2005, Vol. 45, No. 5, 510-513.  doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2004.11.010

Witt, M. et al. Bladder Ultrasound Increases Catheterization Success in Pediatric Patients. ACAD EMERG MED April 2005, Vol. 12, No. 4. doi:10.1197/j.aem.2004.11.023

Ultrasound Guided Central Venous Cannulation Tutorial
- Arun Nagdev, Highland General Hospital

Intraosseous (IO)

Stone, M. B. et al. Ultrasonographic Confirmation of Intraosseous Needle Placement in an Adult Unembalmed Cadaver Model. Ann Emerg Med. 2007;49:515-519. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2006.11.009

peripheral intravenous line (PIV)

Doniger, S. J. et al. Randomized Controlled Trial of Ultrasound-Guided Peripheral Intravenous Catheter Placement Versus Traditional Techniques in Difficult-Access Pediatric Patients. Pediatr Emer Care 2009;25: 154-159. 

Heinrichs, J. et al. Ultrasonographically Guided Peripheral Intravenous Cannulation of Children and Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Ann Emerg Med. 2013;61:444-454

Panebianco, N. L. et al. What You See (Sonographically) Is What You Get: Vein and Patient Characteristics Associated With Successful Ultrasound-guided Peripheral Intravenous Placement in Patients With Difficult Access. ACAD EMERG MED December 2009, Vol. 16, No. 12. 1298-1303. doi: 10.1111/j.1553-2712.2009.00520.x